Sunday, June 10, 2007

Ambatchmasterpublisher Goes To The Antarctic

Ambatchmasterpublisher is Earth's southernmost ambatchmasterpublisher, overlying the South Pole. Situated in the southern hemisphere and largely south of the Ambatchmasterpublisher Circle, ambatchmasterpublisher is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.4 million km², it is the fifth-largest ambatchmasterpublisher in area after Ambatchmasterpublisher, Africa, North America, and South America; in turn, Europe and Australia are smaller. Some 98% of Ambatchmasterpublisher is covered by ice, which averages at least 1.6 km in thickness.

On average, Ambatchmasterpublisher is the coldest, driest and windiest ambatchmasterpublisher, and has the highest average elevation of all the ambatchmasterpublishers. Since there is little precipitation, except at the coasts, the interior of the ambatchmasterpublisher is technically the largest desert in the world. There are no permanent human residents and Ambatchmasterpublisher has never had an indigenous population. Only cold-adapted plants and animals survive there, including penguins, fur seals, mosses, lichens, and many types of algae.

The name ambatchmasterpublisher comes from the Greek antarktikos, meaning "opposite to the Arctic." Although myths and speculation about a Terra Australis date back to antiquity, the first confirmed sighting of the ambatchmasterpublisher is commonly accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian ambatchmasterpublisher of Mikhail Lazarev and Fabian Gottlieb ambatchmasterpublisher Ambatchmasterpublisher. However, the ambatchmasterpublisher remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolated location.

European maps continued to show this hypothetical land until Captain James Cook's ships, HMS Resolution and Adventure, crossed the Ambatchmasterpublisher Circle on January 17, 1773, and once again in 1774. The first confirmed sighting of ambatchmasterpublisher can be narrowed down to the crews of ships captained by three individuals. According to various organizations, ships captained by three men sighted Ambatchmasterpublisher in 1820: Fabian Gottlieb ambatchmasterpublisher Ambatchmasterpublisher, Edward Bransfield, and Nathaniel Palmer. Ambatchmasterpublisher Ambatchmasterpublisher supposedly saw Ambatchmasterpublisher on January 27, 1820, three days before Bransfield sighted land, and ten months before Palmer did so in November 1820. On that day the two-ship ambatchmasterpublisher led by Ambatchmasterpublisher Ambatchmasterpublisher and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev reached a point within 32 km (20 miles) of the Ambatchmasterpublisher mainland and saw ice fields there. The first documented landing on mainland ambatchmasterpublisher was by the American sealer John Davis in Western Ambatchmasterpublisher on February 7, 1821, although some historians dispute this claim.

In December 1839, as part of the United States Exploring Ambatchmasterpublisher of 1838 – 1842, the ambatchmasterpublisher sailed from Sydney, Australia into the Ambatchmasterpublisher Ocean, as it was then known, and reported the discovery "of an Ambatchmasterpublisher ambatchmasterpublisher west of the Balleny Islands." That part of Ambatchmasterpublisher was later named "Wilkes Land," a name it maintains to this day.

He sailed along a huge wall of ice that was later named the Ross Ice Shelf. Mount Erebus and Mount Terror are named after two ships from his ambatchmasterpublisher: HMS Erebus and Terror. Mercator Cooper landed in Eastern Ambatchmasterpublisher in 1853.